Sunday, December 23, 2007
- Din(pg 266) - A jumble of loud, usually discordant sounds. Roust(pg 277) - To rout, especially out of bed.
- "Mr. President, I'm afraid he's out of control." This is a quote describing Mitch Rapp. This is the way that Mitch operates and is the reason he is so good at his job. He is out of control so he takes action and doesn't hesitate.
Tuesday, December 11, 2007
Tuesday, December 4, 2007
- Citizenry - (pg. 187) - Citizens considered as a group. Emanating - (pg. 173) - To come or send forth, as from a source.
- "With the destruction of the Isfahan facility we have marked the beginning of the end of these tyrants, and the start of the fight for a true Islamic and democratic Iran."(pg. 180) This quote shows how even after taking part in the revolution, many Iranians are very unhappy with their new government.
Thursday, November 29, 2007
Where? – These debates usually occur at universities and other places of learning.
For what purpose? – The debates allow political candidates to present their views on issues and they also help voters decide who to vote for.
Does it help arrive at a better decision? – Yes, it gives the voters a better idea of the person they’re voting for.
Is the debate structured or unstructured? – The debate is structured.
Does this effect the decision making progress? – Yes, it makes it fair for both sides and allows all parties involved to get their fair share of talking in.
School debate team
Where? – These debates take place indifferent schools on teams.
For what purpose? – Some people enjoy debating and they do it for fun.
Does that help arrive at a better decision? – I would think that when people debate for fun, they would arrive at a better decision.
Is the debate structured or unstructured? – The debate is structured
How does this effect the decision making process? – The decision is based on evidence given in a structured manner and therefore the team that deserves to win should win.
Where? – Courtrooms.
For what purpose? – Court cases occur when someone is accused of doing something wrong and is pronounced guilty or not guilty.
Does this help arrive at a better decision? – This doesn’t necessarily mean that the decision is right, but I guess it does make the decision better.
Is it structured or unstructured? – It is structured
How does this effect the decision making process? – The court can come to a more logical decision if it is structured.
Friend vs. Friend debate
Where? – This can happen wherever you talk with your friends.
For what purpose? – You may have different opinion about something than your friend does, so it may lead to a debate.
Does this help arrive at a better decision? – This may not help arrive at a very good decision.
Is this structured or unstructured? – This is unstructured.
How does this effect the decision making process? – This can make it very difficult to arrive at a decision at all sometimes.
Wednesday, November 28, 2007
Tuesday, November 20, 2007
- Paunchy - having a large and protruding belly; potbellied (pg 43) Sanctimonious - making a hypocritical show of religious devotion, piety, righteousness, etc. (pg 27)
- "Even those chameleons found a way to get under his skin." (pg 27). The author is describing political candidates and how they annoy Stu Garret. This is a metaphor because he is comparing politicians with chameleons without using like or as. "Something far simpler could cripple the entire facility." (pg 37). This is personification because it gives a human characteristic, being crippled, to an inanimate object, the nuclear facility. "For Ashani it was like being on a long car trip with his teenage daughters.'' (pg 49). This is a simile because he is comparing two things using "like".
Tuesday, November 13, 2007
- "Protect and defend" by Vince Flynn
- October 2007
- 403 pages
- There are relatively advanced words such as coalesced, narcissistic, and proficiency, just to name a few.
- I chose this book because I have read Vince Flynn books in the past and have enjoyed them very much. I was going to read this book for fun, but seeing as though I have to do this outside reading assignment anyways it was a happy coincidence.
Thursday, October 25, 2007
Chapter 14- The people who worked in Saddam's weapons programs were very well payed. After the liberation, the workers simply went back to living normal lives. Anne Harrington attempted to get the old scientists jobs but the Pentagon wanted to punish them seeing them as Saddam's accomplices. Alex Dehgan was put in charge of redirecting Iraqi scientists. He clashed with the CPA staffers because he was from the state department. He had extreme difficulty doing his job because nobody would give him supplies or help. He did however make more progress than CPA staffers because he didn't have to worry about the CPA hierarchy. There were many militias in Iraq. Bremer wanted them removed before he left. He thought that they could be used for political intimidation. David Gompert was the man in charge of dissolving the militias. He had a tough time, because the Kurds and the Shiites thought that they needed protection and deserved militias.
Chapter 15- When the First Cavalry division arrived in Iraq, their mission was to restore municipal services and act as glorified policemen. Sadr city, a slum of Baghdad, was in very bad shape before the occupation and was still getting progressively worse. A platoon of men patrolling Sadr City had run in with some armed Iraqis after turning on to the main thoroughfare they were ambushed by some of al-Sadr's men. It turned out that they were just guards but their weapons had to be confiscated. Moqtada al-Sadr openly criticised Americas actions in Iraq. He believed that the U.S. had handled the post-liberation looting poorly. Bremer wanted to dismantle al-Sadr's militia but al-Sadr would not comply. Bremer shut down al-Sadr's newspaper which made al-Sadr furious. He responded by telling his followers to attack Americans. A platoon of men patrolling Sadr City had run in with some armed Iraqis after turning on to the main thoroughfare they were ambushed by some of al-Sadr's men. Eight men were dead one of which was Casey Sheehan, son of Cindy Sheehan, future antiwar activist. Moqtada al-Sadr had taken control of all of al-Sadr City and several cities in central and southern Iraq. The Iraqi police were extremely ill prepared for a rebellion. They had hardly any equipment and they were either poorly trained or not trained at all. The rebellion created unprecedented fellowship between Sunnis and Shiites against the Americans. During the rebellion, CPA staffers were absolutely forbidden to leave the Green zone for any reason. Everyone including Tony Blair apposed the Marine offensive in Fallujah which Bremer had set up to quell the resistance. The Marines were accidentally killing innocent civilians and this is what everyone was against. The CPA eventually realized that their efforts to create a democracy overlooked the fact that the country was in turmoil and needed to be under control before it could become a stable democracy. This was the underlying fact that plagued the CPA from the start. They were focusing on little things that a country recovering from a war did not need or in some cases want.
Thursday, October 18, 2007
The green zone's hospital is very modern with lots of medical equipment. The rest of Iraq's health care system is a complete and total disaster. Before the war, the hospitals in Baghdad were top notch but after the Americans arrived, they ran out of supplies and funding and were a wreck. Frederick M. Burkle Jr. was put in place to rehabilitate Iraq's health care issue. A week after the liberation of Baghdad, Burkle was replaced by James K. Haveman. Steve Browning, a man who was in the CPA government, used his reputation to sway Bremer's decisions. Browning decided to get generators for every hospital in the city and gave one of his officers the power to take drugs from drugstores and other places in order to get them to the hospitals. Haveman tried to organize campaigns against smoking and other things which led to the need for hospital treatment. Kimadia, which was Iraq's public pharmaceutical company, was in charge of everything that had to do with drugs. Haveman also implemented a formulary, which was a list of drugs that doctors could prescribe to people. This formulary would cut costs to Iraqi health care. Ted Briski headed the team that created the formulary. He found out soon after he arrived that Haveman and his team had no idea what they were doing. After Bremer had made the decision to delay the handing over of the government, Haveman knew that his plans were going to have to be rewritten. Of all the ministries in Iraq, the ministry of health was the first to be handed over to Iraqis.
Faez Ghani Aziz was killed because of his involvement with the privatization of Iraqi industry. Tom Foley was put in charge of privatizing Iraq's industry. Nobody wanted to invest in Iraq because of Aziz's death. The Iraqis in charge of the ministry of finance were afraid they would be targeted if they made radical changes. Foley received a plan to lease factories to private owners to create a transition between ownership which he grudgingly agreed to. Several senior staffers refused to stop their pet projects even though they were scheduled to leave in November. They basically had seven and a half months to finish their projects. Jim Otwell opposed all of Bremer's efforts to privatize food distribution calling a "humanitarian debacle". Bremer ignored Otwell's complaints but in the end the U.S. military shot down the plan because they couldn't handle the insurgency and food riots. The CPA staffers decided to put in place a system giving Iraqis debit cards which would be replenished every month. Otwell realized that this would never work because Baghdad didn't have the infrastructure to support electronic transfers. Jay Hallen wanted to rebuild the Iraqi stock exchange from the ground up even though the Iraqis just wanted to get back to work while he was planning the new stock exchange. Hallen fired many employees and created a board of governors which was composed of completely Sunni Arabs. This was not wise because the Shiites and Kurds would not like this. The board made many decision which Hallen disapproved of. These disagreements caused much tension between Hallen and the Board. Hallen was disappointed with his work after he left Iraq and yet at the same time, he thought he had done well considering the circumstances.
So far what I have been reading is very revealing reading. The reoccurring theme I have noticed is that the post-war government in Iraq was very, very poorly run. This was mostly due to the people who were appointed to posts in the CPA. They were not always the best suited for the job. In some cases they were very simply put in place because they were close friends of the president. In fact, you were most likely not going to get a job in the CPA if you weren’t a republican. The CPA staffers also wanted to create a Baghdad that was way beyond their capabilities. They had expectations that were way too high and that is why they failed. Before I read this book, I was against the U.S. being in Iraq. Now, after reading this book I feel even stronger about the U.S. leaving. I am angry that we didn’t make the right decisions when it mattered. I now see why the situation in Iraq is the way it is. The amount of times that different offices changed hands is amazing and frightening. Most people weren’t in Iraq long enough to really accomplish anything that mattered. This is also a relatively unbiased account of the war but it still does have a slight bias mainly due to the fact that the author is a journalist.
Monday, October 8, 2007
Sunday, October 7, 2007
Sunday, September 30, 2007
1. Bedlam-Complete and total chaos. The author ued this to put how much was going wrong in Baghdad into perspective by over exaggerating. (page 47)
2. Tent-The Author uses this word to describe the Republican palace. He says this because, there was no electricity, running water, or windows. The impact he was trying to make was that the palace had no amenities and therefore was like a tent. (page 47)
3. Rubbled-The author uses this word because it paints a picture in people's mind of bit and pieces of a structure. He uses it to describe a building hit by a cruise missile. (page 49)
4. Gun-toting-The author uses this to create a negative feeling in the reader because of the use of the word gun. Some people may be impartial to this word but most negativley associate this word. (page 54)
5. Dispirited-The author uses this word to get a negative effect. He uses it to show how badly the director of the ORHA felt about the situation in Iraq. (page 56)
6. Scout-The author uses this word to describe Carney the director of the ORHA. The author is trying to illustrate Caney's adaptiveness and preparedness. (page 57)
7. Elder-The author uses this word to show how old William Cohen is without using an impolite term. (page 61)
8. Orbit-The author uses this word to make the point that Paul Bremer III was involved with white house affairs. (page 62)
9. Prohibited-The author uses this word to make a negative impact, because the word is very upfront and extreme. (page 63)
10. Canoodle-The author uses this word to put a positive even childish look on the relationships of the staffers in the green zone. (page 65)
9. This page describes the food served at the Republican palace in Baghdad and how it was very american.
10. This page describes the dining hall with all of it's Halliburton supplies and patriotic decorations.
11. This page describes the "cliques" of the dining hall and why they were arranged so.
12. This page talks about the Halliburton customer service liason and how he tried to make everything seem like home for the people working in Iraq
13. The palace is described with it's ample luxury as "Versailles on the Tigris".
14. Outsourcing of as many jobs as possible and Halliburton's supply contract with the U.S. military are explained.
15. Housing and amenities in the green zone are described.
16. Transportation and restaurants within the green zone are described.
17. This page describes who runs the green zone and how it is run.
18. This page describes how the author (Rajiv) met Mark Schroeder and what Mark's job is.
19. This page talks about what stores are in the green zone and what those store sell.
20. This page talks about travel outside of the green zone.
21. This page describes the area around the green zone and the rest of Baghdad.
22. This page describes the people (Iraqis) who wanted to enter the green zone. It also describes a suicide bomber attack on the Imam Kadhim Shrine.
23. This page talks about how the Americans didn't talk about the bombing at all. It also describes the man Mahmud Ahmed.
24. This page talks about Mahmud's daily commute to the green zone.
25. This page describes what the traffic is like in Baghdad since the Americans have come.
26. This page describes what Mahmud thinks about the green zone.
27. This page describes how the people in the green zone received their news.
28. This page describes posters put up in the palace that were meant to dicourage secret sharing.
29. This page describes the green zone several days after the Americans liberated Baghdad.
30. This page describes a tour of the palace Rajiv was given shortly after he arrived.
31. This page continues to describe his tour.
32. This page describes how planning for post-war Iraq was carried out.
33. This page describes Jay Garner, the man put in charge of the unofficial planning for post-war Iraq.
34. This page describes how Garner found out about the official post-war planning operation at the Pentagon.
The impact reading this had on me was, i was very surprised toknow that America wasn't really ready to go into Iraq. I was also surprised that the people who worked in the green zone were working in a very nice environment with all amenities. I had never known any of these things were true and finding these things out was very surprising.
Tuesday, September 18, 2007
All Beings Are Interconnected.
4. One sentence of what the belief is
I believe all things and all beings are interconnected.
5. 2 examples from the story that showed their belief
One example would be when his captor wiped his hands on a rag that James had used to wipe up his own "unfortunate messes" which arose when he had to go to the bathroom. He said, "In that moment I saw how everything we do, even the things that seem most insignificant — cleaning up a mess or wiping our hands — affects everything and everyone else."
Another example was this paragraph describing the illusion of power his captor held, "Uncle was one of our guards. With keys in one hand and gun in the other, his power over us seemed absolute, but he was not free. He said so himself on one of those interminable days when we asked him if he had any news about when we would be released. He pointed glumly to his wrists as if he himself were handcuffed and said, 'When you are free, I will be free.' "
6. 1 favorite passage
"I believe there are many ways we can hold one another captive. It might be with a gun, an army, a holy book, a law, an invisible free-market hand. It doesn't matter how we do it, who we do it to, or why."
Wednesday, September 5, 2007
One goal I have for myself in my sophomore year is to get all my homework in on time with effort put into it. I answered this way because I sometimes would rob myself of an A or A- just because I wouldn't do my homework or I wouldn't hand it in. I believe that I can do well and receive at least an A- in almost all my classes as long as I keep up with the homework.